The Thoreau Society, Inc., is
an informal gathering of stu-
dents and followers of Henry-
David Thoreau. Professor Reginald
Cook, Middlebury, Vt., President;
Mr. Robert Needham, Concord,
Mass., Vice-President; and Walter
Harding, State University, Gene-
seo, N.Y. 14454, Secretary-Trea-
surer. Annual membership, $2.00;
Life membership, $50.00. Address
communications to the secretary.
BULLETIN ONE HUNDRED-TITO
U.S ~ 5 ctm
THE 1968 ANNUAL MEETING ....
It will be held in Concord, Mass., on Sat-
urday, July 13, 1968, beginning at 10:30
a.m. The presidential address, delivered by
Prof. R. L. Cook will be entitled "West of
Walden." The speaker of the day will be
Hal Borland, author of HILL COUNTRY HARVEST
and many other nature books and of many of
the nature editorials in the NEW YORK TIMES.
Russell Harris (85 Old Norwich Road,
Quaker Hill, Conn.) suggests that the annual
meeting start off with a climb of Red Hill
in Moultenboro, New Hampshire, a mountain
which Thoreau reports climbing in his jour-
nal for July 5, I858. Anyone interested in
joining Mr. Harris in this climb on Thurs-
day, July 11th should get in touch with him
at the above address. If the project works
out as well as it promises, we might well
make climbing a new Thoreau mountain each
year a regular part of the annual meeting.
K0DACHR0ME PICTURE CONTEST
Members of the Society are invited to sub-
mit Kodachrome transparencies to an experi-
mental contest that will be a feature of
the annual meeting program on July 13 at
Concord, Mass. Subject matter can be any-
thing pertaining to Thoreau, or having
a Thoreau reference.
Not over four 35-mm slides may be submitted
by one person. The Contest Committee will
make a preliminary selection from the
slides submitted prior to June 1. There
will be a scheduled hour in the afternoon
of the meeting day for all interested per-
sons to ballot for top three choices. The
winning slides and others of special inter-
est will be projected during the evening
Kodachromes should be mailed before June 1
to Robert F. Needham, 11 Walden Terrace,
Concord, Mass. 01742. They will be return-
ed after the meeting. Please enclose return
postage if not able to attend the meeting.
Roland Robbins, Edwin Teal e, Robert Needham,
THOREAU' S FAVORITE FARMER by Alan Seaburg
Henry David Thoreau and Ralph Waldo
Emerson had a "gray-suited neighbor" who
lived "under the hill." His name was
Edmund Hosmer and his occupation was farm-
ing. He has been termed Thoreau's favorite
Concord farmer, but this is open to ques-
tion since the evidence from Thoreau's own
pen suggests that he had a deeper liking
for another farmer, George Minott. Yet
there is no doubt that Thoreau was extreme-
ly fond of his gray-suited neighbor as a
reading of his journal and letters indi-
cates. In his journal entry for July 6,
1852, he credits Hosmer with being "the
most intelligent farmer in Concord, and
perchance in Middlesex"^ county which is
high praise from someone as sharp in inter-
preting men as was Thoreau. This alone
justifies a biographical study of Hosmer.
A person so intelligent is not easily come
by in the nineteenth or twentieth centuries.
The journal contains, as it does for other
neighbors such as John Goodwin and George
Melvin, enough Hosmer passages so that
when they are glued with other references
one has an attractive photo of Edmund
Hosmer as he must have been known in his
day. The purpose of this essay then, is
to present a portrait not of Thoreau's
favorite farmer but of a man he admired
and liked and who has been mostly forgotten
Edmund Hosmer (his parents named him
after Edmund Burke) was born to John and
Mary Vassall Prescott Hosmer on October 10,
1798 in the town of Concord. Here he grew
up. He received his basic education at
Westford Academy and planned to continue
his studies at Harvard College. However,
his health was poor so instead of attend-
ing a land college he went to sea on a
friend's ship for his further training.
After three months he sought the stability
to be found in Concord, returned home and
bought a farm with his cousin. This did not
work out, so he sold his share and purchased
a farm on the road leading to the town of
Lincoln. In 1652 he changed his farming
location for the last time, purchasing the
farm of the late Humphrey Hunt on the
Lowell Road. He was a prosperous farmer a
fact to which Thoreau serves as a witness
even though not always an approving one.
As he wrote his disciple Daniel Ricketson
in 1&55: "Hosmer counts his coppers."^ -
Edmund's granddaughter, Mary Hosmer Brown,
in her book Memories of Concord , tells us
that he "was a short man and light in weight"
and that he "walked with a slow, deliberate
step."-' He married Sally Pierce on October 14,
1823, according to the rite of the venerable
Reverend Ezra Ripley. Between 1824 and 1839
their family grew by ten. Unlike many women,
this population explosion did not wear Sally
out and she and her husband shared more than
fifty years together. Being the father of
so many, perhaps explains why Hosmer served
some time as Superintendent of the Unitarian
Sunday school and why the town drafted him
to school committee duties.
In his Houses and People of Concord. Massa -
chusetts . Edward Jarvis described Hosmer as
"in the habit of reading much and thinking
more" and that he "talked freely. He was
much of a philosopher and was very suggestive
in his conversation."' Emerson's son, Edward,
in his book Emerson in Concord also testi-
fies to the philosophic and intelligent
strain in Hosmer:
Mr. Edmund Hosmer, a farmer of the older
New England type, thrifty and sturdy,
conservative yet independent, was Mr.
Emerson's neighbor for many years, and
during that time his adviser and helper
in his rustic affairs. For his character
and opinion Mr. Emerson had great
respect, and in his walks he liked to go
by Mr. Hosmer's farm and find him
ploughing in his field where they would
have a chat on matters of agriculture,
politics or philosophy.
Emerson so respected Hosmer that he presented
a copy of Nature to him upon its publication
in 1836, and always invited him to the Sunday
evening conversations for "serious talk"
which he held in his home. One such "talk" at
which Thoreau and Hosmer were present was
recorded by Emerson in his journal in this
At the "teachers' meeting" last night
my good Edmund after disclaiming any
wish to difference Jesus from a human
mind suddenly seemed to alter his tone
and said that Jesus made the world and
was the Eternal God. Henry Thoreau merely
remarked that "Mr. Hosmer had kicked the
Now that sounds like a comment that Mr. Thor-
eau would utter.
He made other observations concerning
his friend Hosmer from the simple statement
that he was "haying, but inclined to talk
as usual" 1 '-' to reporting in a letter to
Emerson in I848 that "Mr. Hosmer who is
himself again, and living in Concord — has
just hauled the rest of your wood — amount-
ing to about 10i cords." 11 Mulling over
the lecturers that the Concord Lyceum
hired, he decided in I85I that Hosmer or
George Minott would be far superior and
stated flatly to his journal that he
"would rather hear them decline than most
of these hirelings lecture." 1 ^ Yet he
found Hosmer no god and his approach to
life essential disappointing.
I am disappointed that Hosmer, the
most intelligent farmer in Concord,
and perchance in Middlesex, who ad-
mits that he has property enough for
his use without accumulating more, and
talks of leaving off hard work, let-
ting his farm, and spending the rest
of his days easier and better, cannot
yet think of any method of employing
himself but in work with his hands;
only he would have a little less of
it. Much as he is inclined to specu-
lation in conversation — giving up any
work to it for the time — and long-
headed as he is, he talks of working
for a neighbor for a day now and then
and taking his dollar. He "would not
like to spend his time sitting on the
mill-dam." He has not even planned
an essentially better life. ^
Even Thoreau 's rustic neighbors of whom he
had a deep appreciation could not measure
up to his standard for the human animal.
Still, it was Hosmer and three of his
sons who with other acquaintances helped
Thoreau to set up the frame of his house
beside Walden. It was also Hosmer who when
he lived beside the pond would come to
visit and talk on Sunday afternoons in the
winter. Walden gives us the savor of one
We talked of rude and simple times,
when men sat about large fires in cold
bracing weather, with clear heads;
and when other dessert failed, we
tried our teeth on many a nut which
wise squirrels have long since aban-
doned, for those which have the thick-
est shells are commonly empty. ^
It is true, the nut of life is hard to crack
and most people find theirs emptied when
they finally are able to penetrate its
butternut shell. Mary Hosmer Brown gives
us yet another peek at these Sunday visits
to Walden by Hosmer.
On a Sunday afternoon the children
loved to go to the Walden shack. Thor-
eau sat at his desk, Grandfather was
given a chair, while they arranged
themselves along the edge of the cot
bed, the youngest child still remember-
ing that her feet couldn't quite reach
the floor. If the conversation grew
too abstruse or they were tired of sit-
ting still, one by one they slipped
out to amuse themselves in the woods.
They might be rewarded later by a
glimpse of friendly animals, or Mr.
Thoreau would give them a row on the
This still sounds like a pleasant way to
spend an afternoon.
The granddaughter relates many Thoreau
visits to the Hosmer home. Henry came espe-
cially on stormy days because he knew that
the bad weather would keep Edmund indoors
and that he would be ready for some conversa-
tion. Mrs. Hosmer told hergrandchild that
the two men would get so excited over an
issue that they would talk up to twelve
o'clock and that sometimes Thoreau would
come round the next night to continue the
discussion. Again the children liked to
have him visit for he told them tales of
the woods and read them many stories. One
little girl who later became a teacher
told Mary Brown that she never forgot the
way Thoreau read to them and often recalled
his "melodious voice and the wonderful
sense of rhythm he could impart as he read"
when she repeated the same tales to her
One of Thoreau's common practices with
his town associates was to salvage from
them any historical facts he could. When
Hosmer was tearing down the old Hunt house,
Thoreau hurried over to "get one more sight
of »17 it. Once they were talking about the
story of the Lee house and Hosmer remembered
hearing his father say that Dr. Lee himself
put on that upper story. Hosmer also was
able to tell him that his father recalled
"when there was but one store in Concord,
and that the little office attached to Dr.
Heywood's house." In 1858 he noted in the
Walked along the dam and the broad
bank of the canal with Hosmer. He
thought this bank proved that there
were strong men here a hundred years
ago or more, and that probably they
used wooden shovels edged with iron,
and perchance home-made, to make that
bank with, for he remembered and had
used them. Thus rapidly we skip back to
the implements of the savage. Some call
them "shod shovels." °
Hosmer was mined for more than historical
He was valued because he whittled "his
own axe-helve"; because there was a rill
between his house and that of Simon Brown
which was unusual in that it ran all night
but was dry most of the day except in
cloudy weather; and because he once kept a
gray squirrel which "would go off to the
woods every summer, and in the winter come
back and into his cage, where he whirled
the wire cylinder. He would be surprised
to see it take a whole and large ear of
corn and run out a broken window and up
over the roof of the corn-barnwith it, and
also up the elms." ^ Anyone involved in
such interesting activities was sure to be
a favorite of Thoreau.
There was the occasion when Thoreau
"blowed" on Hosmer's horn. "I asked if I
should do any harm if I sounded it. He said
no, but I called Mrs. Hosmer back, who was
on her way to the village, though I blowed
it but poorly." One cannot help but won-
der what comments Mrs. Hosmer made to the
two of them. On November 22, 1851, he spot-
ted Edmund turning over a stone and went
over to investigate what lay under it.
"Crickets and ants still lively, which had
gone into winter quarters there apparent-
ly. " 2 3 a few days later they talked about
When surveying in the swamp on the
20th last, at sundown, I heard the
owls. Hosmer said: "If you ever minded
it, it is about the surest sign of
rain that there is. Don't you know
that last Friday night you heard them
and spoke of them, and the next day
it rained?" This time there were other
signs of rain in abundance. "But night
before last, said, "when you were
not here, they hooted louder than
ever, and we have had no rain yet."
At any rate, it rained hard the 21st,
and by that rain the river was raised
much higher than it has been this
fall. 2 ^
Perhaps our modern weather men need to hire
as assistants owls? Beside his bird beliefs,
Hosmer had faith in the "medicinal proper-
ties" of a special spring he had discovered
about a half a mile from his home. He often
made the trip to it for a drink of its
health restoring waters. It might have
helped him to live to the old age he reach-
ed. Several times he complained to Thoreau
of being tired and ready for a period of
Found Hosmer carting out manure from
under his barn to make room for the
winter. He said he was tired of farm-
ing, he was too old. Quoted Webster
as saying that he had never eaten the
bread of idleness for a single day,
and thought that Lord Brougham might
have said as much with truth while
he was in the opposition, but he did
not know that he could say as much
of himself. However, he did not wish
to be idle, he merely wished to rest.
This conversation took place in 1851, a
little more than thirty years before
Hosmer secured that final rest. He did
not die until October 14, 1881.
Thoreau* s rest came many years before his
own. Mary Hosmer Brown in Memories of Con -
cord sketches their final meeting. Accord-
ing to her account, Henry, as he lay near
death, asked Hosmer to come and spend the
night with him. The next day he died. "When
Grandfather said, f I heard the robins sing
as I camealong, ' Thoreau answered, 'This
is a beautiful world, but soon I shall see
one that is fairer. ,n2 ° He also said, "I
have so loved nature." ' Before Hosmer left,
Thoreau had Sophia give him a final present-
one of his books. What better gift did
Thoreau have to give his friend at their
Thoreau and Hosmer met on many levels and
their intercourse ranged from owls to philo-
sophic matters. How does one distill its
true meaning. Simply by letting Thoreau him-
self do the job. He put his one finger on
the essence of their relationship surely
and clearly when he wrote:
Hosmer is overhauling a vast heap of
manure in the rear of his barn, turn-
ing the ice within it up to the light;
yet he asks despairingly what life is
for, and says he does not expect to
stay here long. But I have just come
from reading Columella, who describes
the same kind of spring work, in that
to him new spring of the world, with
hope, and I suggest to be brave and
hopeful with nature. Human life may
be transitory and full of trouble, but
the perennial mind, whose survey ex-
tends from that spring to this spring,
from Columella to Hosmer, is superior
to change. I will identify myself with
that which did not die with Columella
and will not die with Hosmer. 5
In this sense, then, Hosmer is indeed Thor-
eau's favorite Concord farmer.
Henry David Thoreau, Correspondence (New
2 York, 1958), 146.
Ibid . . 146.
•^Henry David Thoreau, Journal (New York:
Dover, 1963), IV, 194.
^Thoreau, Correspondence . 390.
->Mary Hosmer Brown, Memories of Concord
6 (Boston, 1926), 99.
Josephine Latham Swayne (Ed.), The Story
of Concord Told by Concord Writers (Boston,
Zlbid .. 211.
Edward Waldo Emerson, Emerson in Concord
(Boston, 1889), 136-7.
Ralph Waldo Emerson, Journals (Cambridge,
Mass., 1965), IV, 395.
lu Thoreau, Journal . IV, 194.
•'--'-Thoreau, Correspondence. 209.
12 Thoreau, Journal , III, 128.
13-rhoreau, Journal, IV, 194-5.
^•Henry David Thoreau, The Variorum Walden
(New York, 1963), 202.
-'-'"Brown, Memories of Concord , 98.
-■-^Thoreau, Journal . XII, 36.
ij-°Thoreau, Journal, IX, 109.
^Thoreau, Journal , XI, 228.
2 °Thoreau, Journal . VII, 197.
^Thoreau, Journal . XIV, 161
22 Thoreau, Journal . IV, 194.
^Thoreau, Journal . Ill, 128.
Brown, Memories of Concord . 105-6.
- 2 Zlbid., 106.
25 TVir,Y>»an .Tnnynal VTTT 9I.Z.
27 Jbid., 106.
26 Thoreau, Journal . VIII, 245.
I am indebted to Mrs. Marcia Moss and the
Concord Free Public Library for research
REGINALD L. COOK by Sidney Clark
Reginald Cook was born in East Mendon,
Massachusetts, where he grew up on a farm
and eventually went to Middlebury College in
the Green Mountains of Vermont. At Middle-
bury he came in contact with a teacher who,
as Dr. Cook says, "made Thoreau a reality
to me." Dr. Cook says that the reading of
Walden was "one of the chief enkindling
experiences" in his early life.
After Middlebury, "Doc," as he is known
to his many friends, taught for a while at
Wyoming Seminary in Pennsylvania and then
won a Rhodes Scholarship. For the next three
years he studied at Exeter College, Oxford
University, and took his degree in 1929 in
the Honors School in English Literature.
Since 1929, he has been teaching at Middle-
bury College and remained department chair-
man of American Literature until 1967. He
is now Dana Professor of American Literature.
In 1946 he was appointed Director of the
Bread Loaf School of English, which position
he held until August 1964.
Reginald Cook has written on Thoreau — The
Concord Saunterer and Passage to Walden ,
and has also written on Robert Frost — The
Dimensions of Robert Frost . He has contri-
buted numerous articles and essays, chiefly
on these two great Americans, to numerous
publications. He is at present at work on
manuscripts not related to Frost or Thoreau.
During the 1930' s, "Doc" travelled all
over the United States, accompanied by his
wife. Of these trips, Dr. Cook says, "/We/
travelled extensively over the United States
so that we could come to understand something
about the country whose literature I was
teaching. We became more familiar with the
Rocky Mountain country and the Pacific area
than with the eastern seaboard. We spent
some time with the Pueblo Indians in the
Rio Grande Valley and with some of the
Navajos in the Gallup area of New Mexico.
The West fascinates us and when we walk,
like Thoreau, we like to walk toward the
Of Vermont, Dr. Cook says, "Up here in
Vermont we have a country to our liking
with the mountain ranges to the east and
west always in sight and here we have fine
Alpine air that drifts off the mountain
into the high valleys and intervales. This
is beautiful country any season of the year.
For over thirty years now we have followed
the seasons in their passage up in this
THE CAIRN AT WALDEN POND by Raymona Hull
Probably few of the thousands of visitors
to Thoreau's cairn at Walden Pond have ever
given much thought to the tradition behind
such a memorial. It is not at all certain
that Thoreau himself, classical scholar
that he was, knew the probable origin of
such heaps of stone. Did even Bronson Alcott,
who in 1872 started the first cairn here,
realize where the tradition may have come
from? (See Roland Robbins' description,
pp. 3-4 of Discovery at Walden .)
According to authorities on ancient mytho-
logies and religions, heaps of stones seem
to have served several purposes in pre-
historic times. The simplest account, given
by Martin Nilsson (in Greek Folk Religion ,
pp. 8-9), describes the earliest peasants
of Greece as using stones or piles of stones
as markers for boundaries of properties,
especially at crossroads. When a peasant
passed by such a stone heap, he was likely
to add a stone to the pile. Sometimes tall
stones were placed on top of the heap. An
early Greek peasant is supposed to have
named an Arcadian pastoral god Hermes after
the word for this stone heap — herma — in
which the spirit of the god dwelt. The tall
stone on top was then labeled a herm. A
Greek vase painting shows an offering being
placed on top of such a heap, for gradually
the Greeks had come to make sacrifices to the
spirit of the god which was "embodied" in
the heap. Travelers welcomed such markers
to guide them on their way, until eventually
the god whose spirit dwelled in the stone
heap became the god of travelers, of cross-
roads, and of boundaries. The use of such
markers continued in both country and city.
Finally in the heyday of Athens stone pil-
lars with crude heads of Hermes and with
inscriptions on them came to serve as house-
hold markers and were still regarded as
From the Greeks and from other early peo-
ples we find a second association — that of
the stone heap with a grave, for which the
herm . or large stone on top, served as a
tombstone. In countries where wind easily
blows the sand away, stones are the most
logical weights for the soil. Whether burial
customs involved inhumation, as in shaft
graves, or cremation, with ashes placed in
jars, the custom of the stone heap and the
tombstone remained the same; and the same
god, Hermes, protected the souls of the
dead. In fact, he is supposed to have been
appointed by Zeus to conduct the souls of
the dead to the underworld. Though other
gods were from time to time associated with
stone heaps, Hermes, messenger of the gods,
seems to have been the one whose name became
inseparable from the tradition of the cairn
and the tombstone.
The custom of throwing a stone upon a
heap seems to have had various motives in-
volved, even though the purpose was the
universal one of bringing good luck. One
story says that the myth of Hermes' trial
by the gods for the killing of Argus (hun-
dred-eyed monster set to guard Io, the
maiden of whom Hera, queen of the gods, was
jealous) was responsible for the tradition
of the tossing of stones. The gods acquitted
Hermes by throwing down their voting-pebbles
at his feet until a pile of stones grew.
(See p. 88 of W.K. Guthrie's The Greeks and
Their Gods . ) From then on it seems to have
become a custom that a wayfarer who wanted
good luck would add a stone to a cairn
whenever he found one on his path.
Such an aetiological account is typical
of the Greeks' way of explaining customs
that have since been explored by the anthro-
pologists. The story of Hermes* trial ties
in very well with Sir James Frazier's ana-
lysis (See The Golden Bough , pp. 290-291)
of the primitive concept of purification
by means of transfer of evil. The version
of the trial in Frazier's book is that the
stones flung at Hermes were not only voting-
pebbles, but the means whereby the gods
freed themselves "from pollution contracted
by bloodshed." From this piling up of stones
at the god's feet came the custom, says Sir
James, of building such piles at wayside
images of Hermes.
Apparently either a stick or a stone,
according to early accounts, could be used
as a means for an individual to free him-
self from evil by transferring the evil to
the object. There was even a belief in ones
ability to transfer his weariness from him-
self to a small stone. It became particu-
larly a custom for passers-by to toss a
stone on a spot where some person had come
"to a violent end" — not necessarily at a
grave. However, as is pointed out, the
custom of grave cairns has not necessarily
meant the graves of those who came to a
violent end. For example, in Africa, Hotten-
tots have tossed "a stone, a bush, or a
fresh branch" on a grave for good luck.
Sir James Frazier's conclusion is that
there are so many conflicting accounts of
the custom of adding sticks or stones to
existing piles that it seems almost impos-
sible to base them all on any one principle.
To ward off a spirit, to cast away evil or
weariness, to acquire good luck might con-
ceivably be motives stemming from a single
origin, but it is not possible to prove
such a theory.
In the case of Thoreau it seems most
pleasant to think of adding stones for good
luck. Certainly one can scarcely conceive
of wanting to quiet Thoreau* s spirit! As
for the superstition of transferring evil
to a stone, readers of Walden need no
answer to such a proposition. Whatever the
origin of this very old tradition, Thoreau
would have been pleased, in spite of his
dislike for monuments and memorials, to be
remembered by an ancient pagan custom.
The story of Hermes and Argus is a fan-
tasy with an appropriate touch. It was
Hermes' long tale of Pan that closed in
sleep all of Argus' hundred eyes and enabled
Hermes to kill the monster guardian and
free Io. Pan, the god of pastoral life and
of the woods, was supposed to have been
Hermes' son. In her poem written in the
spring of 1862, Louisa May Alcott wrote of
Thoreau, "Pan is dead."
Indiana University of Pennsylvania.
Frazier, Sir James. The New Golden Bough .
Edited with notes and foreword by Theodor
H. Gaster. Garden City: Doubleday Anchor,
Guthrie, W.K.C. The Greeks and Their Gods .
Boston: Beacon Press, 1962.
Nilsson, Martin P. Greek Folk Religion .
York: Harper Torchbooks, 1961.
Robbins, Roland W. Discovery at Walden .
Concord, Mass: R. Robbins, c. 1947.
GRIN AND BEAR IT
"To most people this is just a saloon, Houlihan . . .
but to me, this is my Walden Pond!"
GRIN AND BEAR IT by George Lichty,
courtesy Rochester Democrat and Chronicle
and Publishers-Hall Syndicate.
DO YOU OWN A THOREAU MANUSCRIPT? . . .
Work on the new complete edition of Thoreau 1 s
writings sponsored by the National Humanities
Foundation, the Modern language Association, the
Center for Editions of American Authors, and Prince-
ton University Press continues apace with the first
volume ( Walden . edited by J. Lyndon Shanley) nearly
ready for the press. You as Thoreauvians could be
of great help to the editors if you would notify
them of the existance of any stray Thoreau manu-
scripts, particularly those bound into the front of
the 1906 Houghton Mifflin "Manuscript Edition" of
Thoreau 1 s WRITINGS. In order to make their editing
as accurate as possible, the new editors are try-
ing to collate such manuscripts with their texts.
If you know of any such manuscripts, please let
Walter Harding, Editor-in-chief, The Thoreau Edi-
tion, State University College, Geneseo, N.Y.
14454, know of their existance.
NOTES AND QUERIES . . .
Earl L. Hunsaker, 915 East Eleven Mile Road, Mad-
ison Heights, Mich. 4.8071, is compiling a check-
list of the varieties of first day covers of the
Thoreau stamp and is eager to know of unusual ones.
For a self-addressed stamped envelope he will be
glad to send you his preliminary list. The final
list we hope to publish in the bulletin.
Spea&ng of the Thoreau stamp, according to
STAMPS for Octo. 28, 1967, at least one sheet has
been found wrongly perforated so that the word
"Thoreau" appears at the bottom rather than the
top of the stamp.
The State University College at Geneseo, N.Y.,
will conduct its second Thoreau Seminar, for grad-
uate and advanced undergraduate credit, under the
direction of Walter Harding, from June 2U to July
13, with a field stay in Concord. Inquiries
should be directed to the Chairman of the English
Department at that address.
Dr. Richard Blumenthal Columbia University Medi-
cal School, 630 West 168th St., New York 10032,
points out that Perry Smith, one of the IN COLD
BLOOD murderers is said to have written Truman Ca-
pote a letter quoting from Thoreau, "And I have
come to realize that life is the father and death
is the mother." Can anyone locate that quotation
in Thoreau' s writings for him?
The rcent off -Broadway musical "Now Is the Time
for All Good Men" by Gretchen Cryer and Nancy Ford
had as its central theme the effect of a small town
Indiana schoolteacher's attempting to teach his
pupils Thoreau* s concept of civil disobedience.
The score for the show has been recorded by Colum-
Lawrence Richardson of Concord points out to us
that the Gleason map of the Thoreau country contains
an error. #78 for the Ledum Swamp is incorrect.
It is another swamp east, across the road, and the
brook near "C" runs out of it. Incidentally, the
Thoreau Lyceum (Belknap St., Concord) has recently
reissued the Gleason map on paper suitable for
The 1968 caleddar for the Boston papermekers
Tileston & Hollingsworth includes a drawing of
Thoreau and a quotation from WALDEN for its March
Eugene Timpe of Penn. State Univ. is editing an
anthology of essays on Thoreau' s influence abroad.
ADDITIONS TO THE THOREAU BIBLIOGRAPHY WH
Banks, Russell. "The Adjutant Bird." LILIABULERO
[P.O.Box 1027, Chapel Hill, N.C.], I (Fall, 1967)
7-10. On shipping ice from Walden.
Charming, William Ellery the Younger. THE COLLECTED
POEMS OF. Edited, with an intro. by Walter Hard-
ing. Gainesville, Fla. : Scholars' Facsimiles &
Reprints, 1967. 1026pp. Contains all Charming' s
poems about Thoreau.
Coffey, Raymond R. "Thoreau Is Hero of Saigon Stu-
dents Who Dodge Viet War Draft." BOSTON GLOBE.
Jan. 10, 1968. Syndicated in many newspapers.
Condry, William. MAHAMANA THORO. Trans, by Sun-
darji Gokalji Betai. Bombay: Vora, 1962. 116pp.
. THORO. Trans, by Matilal Das. Calcutta:
M.C.Sarkar, 1962. 93pp.
— — -. TORO. Trans, by K.M.George. Madras: Orient
Longmans, 1962. 140pp.
Costa, Dick. "1959' s Joe Meets 1859* s Henry (Thoreau)
UTICA OBSERVER-DISPATCH [N.Y. ] Jan.21, 1959. The
last of a series of three articles.
Derleth, August. COLLECTED POEMS 1937-1967. New
York: Candlelight Press, 1967. 302pp. Reprints
all his many poems about Thoreau.
. UNE CONSCIENCE REVOLTEE: LA VIE d 1 HENRY D.
THOREAU. Trans, into French by Genevieve Brallion-
Zeude. [Paris]: Nouveaux Horizons, 1966. 230pp.
Dittmer, Bernice. THOREAU: EMERSON'S AMERICAN SCHOL-
AR. Texas Western College, 1965. 184pp« Unpub-
lished M.A. thesis.
DOWN EAST. "Thoreau Island." Oct. 1967. p. 19. On
the naming of an island in GranS Lake Matagamon in
Maine for Thoreau.
Eaton, Richard J. "Thoreau as a Botanist: Two Anec-
dotes." NEW ENGLAND WILD FLOWER NOTES. Winter,
Fenn, Mary R. "Mr. Thoreau and Concord Today." NEW
ENGLAND WILD FLOWER NOTES. Winter, 1968.
Filippo, Luis Di. "Thoreau y la Libertad Esencial
del Hombre." CLARIN [Buenos Aires], Sept. 14,
Fukuda, Mitsuharu. "Thoreau in Japan." RISING GEN-
ERATION [Tokyo], CXIII (Oct. 1967), 645-6. Text
Gattego, Candido Perez. EL HEROE SOLITARIO EN LA
NOVELA AMERICANA. Madrid: Prensa Espanola, 196?
Contains a chapter on Thoreau.
Greenberg, Abe. "Cliff Robertson and Thoreau." TRI-
BUNE ADVERTISER [N. Hollywood, Calif.] Jan. 25,
1968. On Thoreau as a hero of today's teen-agers.
Grimnes, Ole Kristian. THOREAU OG VAR EGEN TJJJ.
Oslo: De Forente Staters Informasjonstjeneste,
Harding, Walter. "Daniel Ricket son's Copy of
WALDEN." HARVARD LIBRARY BULLETIN, XV (Oct. 1967),
4.01-11, Reproduces a hitherto unpublished cartoon
of Thoreau by Ricketson. Your secretary has extra
copies which he will send on request as long as the
Higashiyama, Masayoshi. "Thoreau and the Present
Time." RISING GENERATION [Tokyo], CXIII (Oct.
1967) , 636-8. Text in Japanese.
Hoover, Ira. "Henry David Thoreau." UMBRAL [Paris],
1967? Trans, into Spanish by V. Munoz.
Jenkins, Lloyd S. "How Bird Pattern Differs from
Thoreau' s Day." WORCESTER [Mass. ] TELEGRAM. Dec.
Kasegawa, Koh, "Nature and Poetic Thought of Tho-
reau." RISING GENERATION [Tokyo], CXIII (Oct.
1967), 64.2-4-. Text in Japanese.
Krutch, Joseph Wood. "Henry David Thoreau and So-
ciety Today." BULL. THE AMER. ACAD. OF ARTS &
SCIENCES, XXI (Oct. 1967), 3-12. The Academy
has supplied your secretary with some extra
copies which he will send out on request as long
as the supply lasts.
Matthiessen, F.O. AMERICAN RENAISSANCE. New York:
Oxford, , 678pp. Paperback reissue of this
magaificent study of Thorsau and others.
McGill, Frederick T., Jr. CHANNING OF CONCORD: A
LIFE OF WILLIAM ELLERY CHANNING II. New Bruns-
wick: Rutgers, 1967. 219pp. The first book-
length biography of Thoreau' s closest friend. We
all have been wait ing for years for Prof. McGill *s
study — and it is worth the wait. Filled with all
sorts of new information. Essential reading for
anyone who wishes to understand Thoreau' s back-
ground. Advances the interesting thesis that
Charming* s eccentricities helped to temper Tho-
" reau's own.
Milne, Louis J. & Margery J. "Henry David Thoreau:
Dreamer." in FAMOUS NATURALISTS. New York: Dodd
Mead, 1952. pp. 99-106.
Moldenhauer, Joseph J. "The Rhetorical Function
of Proverbs in WALDEN." JOURN. OF AMER. FOLK-
LORE, LXXX (April, 1967), 151-9.
Munoz, Vladimir. CORRESPONDENCIA SELECTA DE JOSEPH
ISHILL. Mexico City: Ediciones Tierra y Libertad,
1967. Frequent comments on Thoreau.
. "Henry David Thoreau." RUTA [Caracas], V
(May, 1967), 1-2, 17. Text in Spanish.
Myers, John M. "A Check-list of Items Published by
the Private Press of Edwin B. Hill." AMER. BOOK
COLLECTOR, XVIII (Oct. 1967), 22-7. Many of Hill's
Thoreau editions described. In same issue: Adrian
Goldstone, "The Search for Edwin B. Hill," p. 19;
G.H.Muir, "Edwin Bliss Hill," pp. 20-21.
NEW YORK TIMES. "Rutgers Professor [F.T. McGill]
Contends Thoreau Was Not a Hippie." Jan. 5, 1968.
Poger, Sidney. THOREAU: TWO MODES OF DISCOURSE.
Columbia Univ., 1966. Unpub. Ph.D. dissertation.
Pyarelal. THOREAU, TOLSTOY AND GANDHI JI. Calcut-
ta: Benson, 1958. 20pp.
Saito, George. "Concord and Thoreau," RISING GEN-
ERATION [Tokyo], CXIII (Oct. 1967), 644-5. Text
Saito, Hikaru. "Thoreau Singing Lively Like a
Cock." RISING GENERATION, CXIII (Oct. 1967),
638-9. Text in Japanese.
Sakamoto, Masayuki. "Retreat to the Original
Point: A Portrait of Thoreau." RISING GENERA-
TION, CXIII (Oct. 1967), 640-2. Text Japanese.
Sanborn, Franklin Ben4amin. THE LIFE OF HENRY
DAVID THOREAU. Detroit: Gale Research, 1967.
544pp. $7.80. Reprint of the long unavailable
Skard, Sigmund. "Grunnf jellet i oss: Henry Thoreau"
in DAD OG DIKT. Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, 1963.
pp. 248-61. Text in Norse.
Smith, Marion Whitney. STRANGE TALES OF ABENAKI
SHAMANISM. Lewi st on, Me.: Central Maine Press,
1963. 48pp. Frequent references to Thoreau' s
Smith, Mar jorie W. "Kipling and Thoreau' s Mother
Figured in History of the Crystal [Restaurant]"
KEENE [N.H.] SENTINEL. Jan. 3, 1968.
SPIEGAL, DER. "Thoreau: Pflicht zum Ungehorsam."
Dec. 4, 1967. On the current influence of "Civil
Disobedience" in Germany,
STUDENT REVIEW. "Today's Hippies— Are They Carbon
Copies of Thoreau?" II (Sept. 1967), 3.
Thoreau, H.D. HENRI DI THORO YAMCE NIVDAK LEKH.
Trans, by Pandharinath Balvant Rege. Bombay: G. P.
Parchure Prakashan Mandir, 1959. Five essays and
excerpts from his letters.
. "I heartily accept..." South Norwalk, Conn. :
Antonio Frasconi, [1966?]. A broadside reprinting
of the opening lines of "Civil Disobedience," $4.0.
Edition limited to 50 copies.
. JOURNAL D'UN HOMME LIBRE. Trans, into French
by Genevieve Brallion-Zeude. Paris: Nouveaux Hori-
zons [Editions Seghers], 1965. 214pp. Extracts
from WALDEN and "Civil Disobedience."
. MAHATMA THORONI VICARSRSTI. Trans, by Natvar
Malavi. Bombay: Vora, 1961. iv, 227pp. Selections
from the writings of Thoreau.
— . PHILOSOPHE DANS LES B0I3, UN. Trans, by R.
Michaud et S. David. [Paris]: Vent d'Oeust, 1967.
283pp. Selections from the JOURNAL, with a pre-
face by Roger Asselineau.
. THOECAM SARMA JTVAN. Trans, by Vaman Janardan
Kunte. Ravanar: Paramdham Vidyapith, 1957. 86pp.
. UBER DIE PFLICHT ZUM UNGEHORSAM GEGEN DEN
STA.iT. Trans, into German with an afterword by W.
E. Ri chart z. Frankfort: Galerie Patio, 1966.
"Civil Disobedience" in a hand-printed edition of
. The Same. Zurich: Diogenes, 1967. 119pp.
. THE VARIORUM CIVIL DISOBEDIENCE. Annotated
and with an introduction by Walter Harding. New
York: Twayne, 1967. 91pp. $3.50. Companion vol-
ume to THE VARIORUM WALDEN.
. VALDEN. T r ans. by Ali Abbas Husaini. New
Delhi: Maktaba Jamia, I960. WALDEN.
_. VALDAN ATHAVA ARANYAJIVITAM. Trans, by
Srikrsnasarma. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi, sold
by Mathrubhomi, Kozhi-Kode, I960.
—. VITA DI UNO SCRITTORE. Trans, into Italian
by Biancamaria Tedeschini Lalli. Vicenza: G. Stoc-
chiero, 1963. 398pp. Neri Pozza Editore edition.
Thoreau' s JOURNAL.
. WALDEN. With an introductory note by Will
H. Dirks. London: Mudie's Select Library Ltd.,
[1920 J. Nen Camelot aeries.
— — . WALDEN OU LA VIE SANS LiiS BOIS. Intro, and
trns. into French by G. Landre-Augier. Paris:
Aubier Editions, 1967. 573pp. A bilingual edition
with French and English texts on oppositte pages.
TULSA [Okla.] TRIBUNE. "On Quoting Thoreau." Oct.
27, 1967. Editorial.
Wheeler, Ruth R. [Mrs. Caleb], CONCORD: CLIMATE FOR
FREEDOM. Concord, Mass.: Concord Antiquarian So-
ciety, 1966. 280pp. $12.50. Edition limited to
1500 copies. Those who heard Mrs. Wheeler speak at
out 1967 annual meeting on "Thoreau 1 s Village Back-
ground" — or who read it in Bulletin 100 — will know
what to expect from this book from which her lec-
ture was excerpted. In other words, it is a de-
lightfully readable account of life in Thoreau 1 s
home town from the town's establishment to the
Civil War, based on years of research by the
authority on Concord history, and embellished with
100 illustrations. It is a book that no student
of Thoreau can afford to be without and the type
of history that every town should have. It may be
ordered directly from the Antiquarian Society.
Whitford, Philip & Katherine. "Thoreau, Pioneer E-
cologist and Conservationist." Trans, into Japan,
by Koh Kasegawa. SHI TO SAMBUN [Tokyo], XVI (Oct.
Woodring, Paul. "Was Thoreau a Hippie?" SATURDAY
REVIEW. Dec. 16, 1967. p. 68.
Woodward, C. Donald. Letter to Editor. [New Bed-
ford, Mass. ] STANDARD TIMES. Jan. 24, 1968. On
Thoreau' s views and the war in Vietnam.
We are indebted to the following for information
used in this bulletin: R.Adams,E.Allison,T. Bailey,
Cobb, J.Donovan,R.Epler,L.diFilippo,M.Fenn,F. Flack,
R.Harris, D.Kamen-Kaye, J.Krutch,H. Kleinf eld,M.Melt-
Richardson,A.Seaburg,R. Schaedle ,E.Smith,M.Sealts, J.
Stronks,E.Teale,J.Vickers,E. Williams, P.Williams, E.
Zeitlin. Please keep the secretary informed of new
Thoreau items as they appear and old ones that he
The following have recently become life members
of the Thoreau Society: Mrs. Arthur M. Abe 11, Hast-
ings-on-Hudson, N.Y.; Mr. & Mrs. E.S.Allison, Dub-
linf N.H.; Mr. Reed P. Anthony, Jr., Concord, Mass.j
Mrs. Edward Berlin, Laurelton, N.Y.; Mr. Jon Brew-
baker, Buchanan, Va.; Miss Vera Burckley, Buffalo,
N.Y.j Prof. John Burk, Northampton, Mass.; Mr. Ralph
Chapman, Brattleboro, Vt.; Prof. Edward Clark, Bos-
ton, Mass.; Dr. Elliot L. Coles, Milwaukee, Wise;
Prof. R.L.Cook, Middlebury, Vt.; Mr. Eugene Flood,
Berkeley, Calif.; Mr. Robert Haynes, Baltimore, Md. ;
Mrs. Roy Hill, Lansdowne, Pa.; Mr. Samuel Hirsch,
Hartsdale, N.Y. ; Mr. .David Ingerson, Butler, N.J. ;
Mr. Robert Jacobs, Shippensburg, Pa.; Prof. Buford
Jones, Durham, N.C.; Mr. Richard Jones, Boulder,
Col.; Mr. David Kaplitz, Willimantic, Conn.; Mr. T.
Monroe Kildow, Tifflin, Ohip; Mr. Anton Kovar, Ar-
lington, Mass.; Mrs. H. Kramer, Pittsford, N.Y.;
Prof. Berel Lang, Boulder, Col.; Mr-. John Lockard,
Hollis, N.Y.; Mr. Carl Markle, Jr., Rochester ,Mich;
Prof. Ernest J. Moyne, NewarB,Del. ; Miss Marilyn R.
Nicoson, Concord, Mass.; Mr. Richard W. Paulsen, Jr.;
Carson City, Nev. ; Mr. Roscoe A. Poland, San Diego,
Calif.; Mr. William L. Reid III, Syracuse, N.Y.;
Miss Jean E. Schaedle, Flushing, N.Y. 5 Mr. Luke A.
Schaedle, Huntington Station, N.Y.; Prof. Merton
Sealts, Madison, Wise; Prof. J. Lyndon Shanley,
Evanston, 111.; Mr. James 0. Smith, Huntingdon, Pa.;
and Prof. Paul 0. Williams, Elsah, 111. Life mem-
bership is now fifty dollars.
NOMINATING COMMITTEE FOR 1968 . . .
The nominating committee for the 1968 meeting
has been appointed by Pres. R.L.Cook. It consists
of Dr. John Broderick, Manuscripts Division, Libra-
ry of Congress, Washington, D.C., chairman; Mrs.
Caleb Wheeler, Fairhaven Road, Concord, Mass.; and
Mr. G. Russell Ready, Berwick, Ont. Suggestions
for nominations for president-elect, vice-president,
secretary-treasurer, and executive committee mem-
bers should be sent to any members of the nominat-
ing committee. Their report will be made in the
A NEW THOREAU MEDAL. . . .
The Society of Medalists, 325 East 45 St., New
York, N.Y. 10017, have just issued a new bronze
medal by Donald R. Miller, with pine trees and
mountains and the quotation "In wildness is the
preservation of the world. Thoreau" on one side
and a swallow, fish, butterfly, snake and mountain
goat on the other. We find it very attractive.